The Impact of War and Armed Conflict on the Environment: What You Need to Know on International Day 2023


The Impact of War and Armed Conflict on the Environment: What You
Need to Know on International Day 2023

The Impact of War and Armed Conflict on the Environment: What You Need to Know on International Day 2023

War and armed conflict have terrible
environmental consequences, both during and after the fight. Pollution,
deforestation, land degradation, and resource depletion are just a few of the
environmental hazards that can endanger millions of people’s health, security,
and livelihood. On International Day 2023, we look at the most recent research
on how to safeguard the environment in the context of armed conflict and why it
is important for world peace.

  1. environmental
    impact of war
  2. environmental
    protection in armed conflict
  3. international
    law and environment in war
  4. environmental
    peacebuilding
  5. curbing
    environmental exploitation in conflict

environmental impact of war

War and armed conflict have terrible
environmental consequences, both during and after the fight. Pollution,
deforestation, land degradation, and resource depletion are just a few of the
environmental hazards that can endanger millions of people’s health, security,
and livelihood. According to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP),
conflict-affected areas and fragile nations house more than 20% of the world’s
population. In countries such as Afghanistan, Colombia, Iraq, and South Sudan,
UNEP has performed over twenty post-conflict assessments to establish the
environmental repercussions of war.

War and armed conflict may harm water
infrastructure, biodiversity hotspots, wildlife habitats, and natural
resources, according to the findings. These environmental consequences might
potentially fuel further conflict and harm peace hopes. As a result, it is
critical to safeguard the environment in the context of armed conflict and
promote awareness on International Day 2023.

environmental protection in
armed conflict

Environmental protection is a critical
concern in armed conflict, affecting the well-being, health, and survival of
millions of people. War frequently damages or destroys the natural environment
and its resources, both during and after the conflict. The International Law
Commission (ILC) has suggested 27 draft principles for environmental protection
in armed conflict (PERAC), which span preventative, mitigation, and
rehabilitation strategies.

environmental protection in armed conflict

These principles are intended to strengthen
the legal framework and give direction to governments, non-state actors, and
international organisations on how to safeguard the environment during times of
conflict. We underline the significance of these values and their potential
influence on world peace and security on International Day 2023.

international law and
environment in war

International law and the environment in
conflict are inextricably linked, as war may severely affect the natural
environment and its resources. The provisions of international humanitarian law
(IHL) that safeguard the environment in times of war are restricted and
ambiguous. The International Law Commission (ILC) has suggested 27 draft
principles for environmental protection in relation to armed conflict (PERAC),
including strategies for prevention, mitigation, and remediation.

These principles are intended to strengthen
the legal framework and give direction to governments, non-state actors, and
international organisations on how to safeguard the environment during times of
war34. We underline the significance of these values and their potential
influence on world peace and security on International Day 2023.

environmental peacebuilding

Environmental peacebuilding is a concept
that connects the conservation and collaboration of natural resources and the
environment with conflict avoidance and resolution. It is founded on the notion
that the environment may be both a source of conflict and a platform for
communication, trust, and collaboration.

Environmental peacebuilding can involve a
variety of players, including governments, civil society, local communities,
and international organisations, and can occur at several levels, ranging from
local to regional to global. On International Day 2023, we recognize the
accomplishments and difficulties of environmental peacebuilding and emphasise
the necessity of incorporating environmental concerns into peace processes and
post-conflict rehabilitation.

curbing environmental
exploitation in conflict

The unlawful or unsustainable use of
natural resources and the environment by parties involved in war and armed
violence is referred to as environmental exploitation in conflict. This has the
potential to harm the environment, human rights, peace, and security. Various
steps are required to reduce environmental exploitation during war, including:

      
Strengthening the legal
foundation and enforcing international environmental regulations in times of
conflict.

      
Promoting openness and
accountability in conflict-affected natural resource management and commerce.

      
In post-conflict rehabilitation
and peacebuilding, we support the protection, restoration, and sustainable use
of natural resources and the environment.

On International Day 2023, we raise
awareness about the need to reduce environmental exploitation in conflict, as
well as the advantages it has for world peace and security.

Ending war…

War and armed conflict have serious and
long-term consequences for the environment and its resources, affecting the
lives and well-being of millions of people. Protecting the environment in the
context of armed conflict is a critical issue that necessitates legal,
political, and practical solutions. On International Day 2023, we urge more
awareness and action to avoid and alleviate environmental harm caused by
conflict, as well as to promote environmental peacebuilding.